By Stijn David and  Sebastián Bianchi


Cholmshield description

The Cholmshields basic design was produced in close cooperation between Generalmajor Theodor Scherer and Polizei - Rotwachtmeister Schlimmer.  The design of the shield found its birth during the encirclement and after the battle came to an end, the proposal (and design) for the shield was presented to Hitler by Scherer.

The actual design was changed a little by Professor Klein, in particular the form of the wings were changed and the head of the eagle changed direction.  The eagle on the original design looked towards right, and if the shield was worn on the uniform the head was looking backwards therefore it was decided to change the eagles direction to the left.  Another change was the dimensions; Schlimmers proposal for the shield where 38mm by 70mm which was changed to 38mm by 65mm before the shields came into production 

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Design Cholmshield ( this is however not the original design from Schlimmer, this one is out of the Propaganda Book " Kampfgruppe Scherer 105 Tage Eingschlossen " and was changed a little.  The main future of the shield is the eagle which is clutching an iron cross in its claws who is placed above the word : Cholm 1942 ( the Swastika inside the Iron cross is relatively big and not to scale wit a real iron cross )

Final design of the Shield


The shield is always hollow struck and slightly concave.  The size of original shields are between 38mm and 39.5mm width and 65mm to 65.5mm height.  Original shields can be found in thin stamped magnetic metal (iron) that has an oxidized grey appearance (indicated as the early versions), and zinc which had grey sprayed or painted on, an indication of later production.  The shield was attached to a backing plate trough pins (either 3 or 4) and between these 2 parts the cloth piece was attached.  The cloth piece is in the color of the recipients branch which has two variations in  form; the earlier versions are attached to a half round cloth piece while the later versions are attached to a cloth piece that followed the outlines of the actual shield.  

As stated before there exist two variations in shields design, here called Type I (the early version) and Type II (the later version).  Main factors to determine the difference are the type of metal used and the pins that are on the reverse, 

Type I : 3 pins on the reverse (2 at the top, 1 underneath in the middle), cloth backing in semi round shape.

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G.Collection FH Collection


R. A. Collection


Type II : 3 or 4 attachment pins on the reverse (2 at the top, 2 at the bottom), cloth backing that follows the outer lines of the shield

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GB Collection


Below are pictures of the miniature Cholm stickpin that could be bought in private outlets and as regulations stated was to be worn on the civilian dress.  Note the excellent detail of the original stickpin . 

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Cholm miniature stickpin , zinc made , 9 mm 


The recipient was allowed to buy a new Cholmshield in the official LDO controlled outlets and the price was set as follows (from the Deutsche Uniformen Zeitschrift , LDO regulated , November 1944); 

According to this list the buyer could obtain a complete piece or not , and so it is possible that one could encounter a Cholmshield in wear without cloth backing attached directly towards the uniform .  As with any German award the Cholmshield is nowadays widely faked and therefore prior to purchase the collector must study the subject at length.   While some of the fakes are relatively easy to spot, others are more intricate.  

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Fake Cholmshield, this Cholmshield is supposed to be of the Type I category ( 3 prongs attachment) but it lacks the detail of an original one.  A main point to look for is the head, compare the eagles head , etc … to the original Cholmshields as shown above on this page.



In 1957 the Cholmschield was also authorized as a official award and could be worn on the uniform in a slightly changed form (without the Swastika , the head of the eagle is also different) 

Model 1957 Cholmschield


** It is in several publications mentioned that there exist a 3 e variant ( 3 e Type ) from the Cholmshield, namely made out of a copper aloy , however there is not enough proof that these where produced during wartime , therefore these variants are not mentioned in this article so as not to confuse collectors further.  If more proof of their existence surfaces this article will be updated.


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