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Infanterieregiment 109 (ID 35) at the Schelde river in May 1940
Old 06-19-2007, 01:41 PM   #1
Tim DC
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Default Infanterieregiment 109 (ID 35) at the Schelde river in May 1940

I am looking for information about Infanterieregiment 109, belonging to Infanteriedivision 35, and it's activities on the 20th of May 1940. According to my information, they fought at the Schelde river in or near the village Antoing, 5 km southeast of Tournai, possibly facing the 8th Battalion of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, which was defending Antoing. I am researching a German soldier of 12/IR109 who was killed there.

Possible sources could be the 2 Divisionsgeschichte of Infanteriedivision 35, or a local work on the fights near the Schelde river. My sources are more about the sectors defended by the Belgians in the north of the river.

Thanks in advance for your help.
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35 ID - May 1940
Old 06-29-2007, 10:05 PM   #2
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Default 35 ID - May 1940

Hello Tim, greetings from Argentina. This is what I could find about this topic.....

The 35 ID was the left division of the IV AK belonging to the 6 AOK. It had the task of breakthrough the Netherlands border line positions at Kerkrade, Heerlen, Valkenburg.; then it was to get across the Juliana-Canal, the Meuse River, the Meuse-Schelde Canal and the Albert-Canal.

On May 10 1940, at 05:35 hours with the reinforced regiments IR 34 (right) via Merkstein Hofstadt – Merkstein – Neu Merberen – Merkstein Herbach and the IR 111 (left) via Merkstein – Herzogenrath – Noppenberg – Wilhelm Schacht – Grube Nordstern ahead crossed the international border. The IR 109 was acting as Corps reserve.

At 09:15 hours the first great obstacle, the Juliana Canal, was reached. At 11:00 hours with strong artillery support, both frontline regiments got across. At 12:00 hours, the AA 35 (left) and the Vorausabteilung Bode – II. / IR 34 (right), assailed the second great obstacle, the Meuse River. By 16:00 hours both detachments were on the Meuse-Schelde Canal. During the afternoon hours the crossing started; the AA 35 got across first at 17:20 hours, the Vorausabteilung Bode did the same at 18:00 hours. During the night parts of the frontline regiments had crossed without the heavy weapons.

On May 11 1940, during afternoon hours after hard fighting, the division could get across the Albert Canal and the first attack’s objective, the road Bilsen – Maartenslinde, was reached. On May 12 1940, at 06:00 hours the Pi Btl 35 finished the war bridge so at 10:00 hours the first two light artillery groups (AR 35) crossed the Canal.

On May 16 1940, the movement proceeded with the Dyle crossing. The advance to Nivelles was halted on the Senette. During the afternoon hours the IR 109 moving ahead crossed the Senette at Ronquiéres and broke thru Brain Le Comte.

On May 18 1940, the storm detachments had reached the line Enghies – Soignes; 400 prisoners, among them English troops were taken. On May 20 1940, took place the campaign’s hardest fight, the Schelde crossing. The IR 109 at Antoing and the IR 111 at Peronnes could establish two little bridgeheads against English active troops (sic). Due to strong counterattacks, supported by tanks and artillery fire, the bridgeheads were lost; nevertheless, the IR 109 could maintain one little strong hold on the far river bank. Hard fights ensued at the sugar factory of Antoing.

On May 21 and 22 1940, the 35 ID stood fast. On May 23 the enemy withdrew towards the coast. During the afternoon the division reached the international border between France and Belgium.

Source: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg. Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980

It’s all. Hope be useful for you. All the best. Tigre.

Last edited by tigre; 06-30-2007 at 12:18 AM.
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Old 07-02-2007, 05:32 PM   #3
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Thanks Tigre for your help. In the mean while I have found out he was not killed the 20th of May in Antoing, but the 21st of May in Bruyelle, the village just south of Antoing (only a mile) and at the opposite side of the Schelde river. Interestingly, I have found a photo of German KIA's of ID 35 in that particular town on the 21st of May in one of my reference books. The division got a bridgehead there despite a counterattack of the Royal Norfolk Regiment and several losses. Another interesting detail is the winning of a Victoria Cross by Sergeant Major Gristock during this counterattack. Quoting his award citation:

Quote:
He then went on with one man under heavy fire and was severely wounded in both legs, but having gained his fire position undetected, he managed to put out of action a machine-gun which was inflicting heavy casualties and kill the crew of four.
Well, I may be far off here, but my KIA served in 12. (MG) Kompagnie IR109.. I guess we'll never know.
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 06-21-2009, 11:17 AM   #4
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; an improved version of it...................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

The 35 ID was the left division of the IV AK (General der Infanterie v. Schwedler) which belonged to the 6 AOK within the Heeres Gruppe “B”. It had the task of breakthrough the Netherlands border line positions at Kerkrade, Heerlen, Valkenburg.; then it was to get across the Juliana-Canal, the Meuse River, the Meuse-Schelde Canal and the Albert-Canal.

In the afternoon, May 09, arrived the attack order. The offensive was to begin on May 10 1940 at 05:35 hours. By 20:00 hours (09 May 1940) weapons and equipment already had been loaded within the AA 35 which was to act as division’s spearhead while the men though to themselves if this time the alarm was real.


The Commanding Officer.

In the darkness, at 02:00 hours, the AA 35 left towards Herzogenrath and at 05:15 the Führer speech was read to the men. On May 10 1940, at 05:35 hours with the reinforced regiments IR 34 (right) via Merkstein Hofstadt – Merkstein – Neu Merberen – Merkstein Herbach and the IR 111 (left) via Merkstein – Herzogenrath – Noppenberg – Wilhelm Schacht – Grube Nordstern ahead crossed the international border. The IR 109 was acting as Corps reserve.


A column belonging to the 35 ID just before crossing the German border line into Belgium.

Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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Old 06-22-2009, 03:27 PM   #5
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Thanks for the addition Raul.

PS - The actual Wehrpass is in this thread:
http://www.wehrmacht-awards.com/foru...d.php?t=223695
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Old 06-22-2009, 03:37 PM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Tim De Craene View Post
Thanks Tigre for your help. In the mean while I have found out he was not killed the 20th of May in Antoing, but the 21st of May in Bruyelle, the village just south of Antoing (only a mile) and at the opposite side of the Schelde river. Interestingly, I have found a photo of German KIA's of ID 35 in that particular town on the 21st of May in one of my reference books. The division got a bridgehead there despite a counterattack of the Royal Norfolk Regiment and several losses. Another interesting detail is the winning of a Victoria Cross by Sergeant Major Gristock during this counterattack. Quoting his award citation:



Well, I may be far off here, but my KIA served in 12. (MG) Kompagnie IR109.. I guess we'll never know.
Nice research and an interesting 'conclusion' Tim!

Jan-Willem.
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 06-26-2009, 12:47 AM   #7
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; you're welcome Tim and thanks for that link. Now the story follows.................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

The border fortifications at Kerkrade, Heerlen and Valkenburg were broken against light resistance only. At 06:10 Kerkrade was in German hands and the railways facilities there were taken without damages. Both advance guards proceeded forwards. At 09:15 hours the first great obstacle, the Juliana Canal, was reached but all the bridges were already blown there. At 11:00 hours with strong artillery support, both frontline regiments got across it.

At 12:00 hours, the AA 35 (left) and the Vorausabteilung Bode – II. / IR 34 (right), assailed the second big obstacle, the Meuse River. By 16:00 hours both detachments were on the Meuse-Schelde Canal. During the afternoon hours the crossing started; the AA 35 got across first at 17:20 hours, the Vorausabteilung Bode did the same at 18:00 hours. During the night parts of the frontline regiments had crossed without the heavy weapons because the Pi Btl 35 could not build a bridge yet due to the water’s depth and enemy air raids.

Leaving Lanaeken behind the IR 111 reached the Petersheimer wood’s easthern edge with its frontline battalions. The wood was free of enemies so several recce patrols were sent towards the Albert Canal. By midnight both infantry regiments (IR 111 and IR 34) were deployed along it.


The advance of the 35 ID on 10 and 11 of May 1940.

Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 07-04-2009, 10:01 AM   #8
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; this story follows..................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

On May 11 1940, during afternoon hours and after hard fighting, the division’s troops could get across the Albert Canal; hence within 48 hours the 35 ID had overcame all the water’s obstacles (four) laying ahead its march rutes and the first attack’s objective, the road Bilsen – Maartenslinde, was reached.

The whole day the enemy carried out aerial raids, british, french and belgian planes, all of them were rejected by our own Flak (antiaircraft guns). This fact delayed the heavy guns’ advance hampering its march towards the front.

The AA 35’s Commanding Officer and its cyclist company (radfährer) were on the Meuse’s far river bank waiting for the rest of that unit.


On the Albert Canal.

Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .

Last edited by tigre; 07-05-2009 at 09:14 AM.
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 07-06-2009, 04:46 PM   #9
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; this story follows..................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

On May 12 1940, the motorized elements belonging to the AA 35 resumed its march at 05:00 hours getting across the Juliana Canal, the Meuse and the Meuse Canal joining the rest of its detachment by 10:00 hours; the Pi Btl 35’s troops had finished the pontoons and trestles bridges by 06:00 hours so at 10:00 hours the first two light artillery groups (AR 35) crossed the Canal on its way to the front.

The allied carried out a big aerial attack against the Meuse crossing. The Luftwaffe shot down 8-9 planes and several were set afire by the Flak. In the afternoon the AA 35 got across the Albert Canal and by 15:00 hours had reached Heers without enemy resistance. At 21:00 hours the Abteilung headed towards Gors op Leeuw but short of its march objective it got stuck two hours in the middle of an artillery column. The AA 35’s task for next day was to reconnoiter against Heers – Waremme – Rosoux.


A motorized column belonging to the AA 35 being surpassed by one Pz Kw III of 3 Pz at Haers - 12 May.

Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 07-10-2009, 08:53 AM   #10
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; this story follows..................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

On May 13 1940, at 05:00 hours the AA 35 was on the move; the mood was not good at all at that time. The Detachment went through the marching infantry and soon won the division’s head. With the cavalry squadron (Reiterschwadron) as spearhead the unit advanced quickly without enemy resistence. Around Bertrée the AA 35 found the panzer division which was in the lead (3 Pz Div); it was setting the attack towards Jauche.

At Bertrée the inhabitants were friendly and during afternoon took place and aerial raid carried out by french planes one of them was shot down by a nearby Flak unit. For the night the AA 35 signal platoon received the orden of listening the panzer’s frequency. The night passed quietly.


Ponton's bridge over the Meuse Canal.

Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 07-12-2009, 08:55 AM   #11
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; this story follows..................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

On May 14 1940 in the morning, the AA 35 was in Bertrée waiting for new orders. At 12:00 hours the march order came and by 13:00 hours it was advancing on Jauche – Thorembais having as its objective Malèves.

Along the road they found also the infantry columns and its vehicles, up to 2/3 of them were composed of belgian and dutch cars, besides there were little charts and horses also. The “landsers” carried their machineguns, ammunitions boxes and assault tools even in baby carriages. Speaking on their mood and discipline, they marched with unfasten collars and rolled up sleeves, looking for any relief for the burning sun and the dust. At 20:00 hours the AA 35 had arrived at Malèves and shortly afterwards an allied air raid took place but without causing any harm.


Hauptmann v. Lossow at Jauche - Mayo 14 1940.

Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 07-16-2009, 09:38 AM   #12
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; this story follows..................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

The night from 14 to 15 may 1940 went quietly; on May 15 1940 at 09:00 hours one panzer division (3 Pz) supported by one aerial corps launched an assault against the Dyle position (Dylestellung). The sky was full of stukas, Do-17 and fighters. Around nightfall came the orders for the next day.



Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 07-19-2009, 11:27 AM   #13
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; this story follows..................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

On May 16 1940, the movement proceeded with the Dyle crossing. At 08:00 hours the AA 35 resumed its march having the task of covering the division’s right flank. At 11:00 hours St. martin was reached without enemy actions. After leaving behind the Dyle’s battlefield the detachment reached Baissy-Thy. Tank alarm!. Three enemy tanks were put out of action by our antitanks cannons but one of the crews was either killed or wounded in turn; one of our light armored vehicle (panzerspähwagen) caught fire also. There were machinegun nests nearby in the houses but after hard fights they were destroyed. The AA 35 had 4 KIA and 12 WIA.

The recce patrols sent ahead reported around 60 tanks patrolling on the road to Nivelles and they stood there (Banterlez) in the evening. Meanwhile as the IR 111 was approaching Chastre could see the french troops’ withdrawal so according division’s orders strong recce patrols were sent against Ferme del Croix and Ferme Sartage; the IR 34 followed near the IR 111.



Antitanks obstacles removed from the Dyle Stellung.

Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 07-23-2009, 10:09 AM   #14
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; this story follows..................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

On May 17 1940, the advance proceeded by Houtain le Val, Nivelles towards Tilleraye-Ferme passing the same landscape with signs of the enemy withdrawal. AA 35’s mision: got across the Bruselles at Le Kreq; the radfahrschwadron (ciclyst squadron) took the crossing point in spite of heavy resistance and held it till the evening when the infantry came. The cost: 4 KIA and 1 WIA. The detachment’s bulk entered Tilleraye-Ferme. Nivelles was shelled by heavy artillery at least half hour. Near Nivelles our Stukas attacked one own artillery column.

The advance was halted on the Senette. During the afternoon hours the IR 109 moving ahead crossed the Senette at Ronquiéres and broke through Brain Le Comte.




Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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35 ID - May 1940.
Old 07-26-2009, 08:25 AM   #15
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Default 35 ID - May 1940.

Hello to all ; this story follows..................

From the German border to Belgian-French frontier – May 1940.

On May 18 1940, around noon, the storm detachments had reached the line Enghies – Soignes; some 400 prisoners, among them the first English troops and two batteries were taken . The AA 35 proceeded its march at 14:00 hours then got across the Brussel heading to Poinei. Beside the road lay dead some German landsers all of them due head’s shot. At 17:00 hours Poinei had benn reached.

Sources: Die 35. Infanterie-Division 1939 - 1945 - Dt. Infanterie-Divisionen im Bild - Hrsg.
Kameradschaftsdienst 35. Inf.Div. e.V., Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, Friedberg 1980.
Kriegstagebuch: Aufzeichnungen während des II. Weltkrieges: 1940-1943

Cheers. Raúl M .
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