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Kanji 1 to 10 and year, month and day.
Old 10-17-2012, 10:44 PM   #1
Stu W
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Default Kanji 1 to 10 and year, month and day.

Thought this might be of assistance when reading dog tags and dates on swords.

Regards,
Stu
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Old 10-18-2012, 08:08 AM   #2
BRUNO FRANCK
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greetings bruno
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Old 10-18-2012, 08:24 AM   #3
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To read years you should also know:
昭和 Shōwa (December 25, 1926, through January 7, 1989)

大正 Taishō (July 30, 1912 to December 25, 1926)

明治 Meiji (September 1868 through July 30, 1912)

For example, the picture below from a China Incident medal document says "Showa 15 Year (1940) 4 Month (April) 29 Day (29th)"

Sometimes the imperial year 皇紀 kōki was used rather than the emperor's reign.
This year is based on the founding of Japan by Emperor Jimmu. The 2600th anniversary medal issued in 1940 is going by this dating system.
http://www.imperialjapanmedalsandbadges.com/2600th.html
It' was also used for a lot of military nomenclature in the 1930s-1940s, like the Type 99 rifle (Year 2599) and the "Zero" fighter (Year 2600).
The Type 30 bayonet and the Type 38 rifle on the other hand are based on the Meiji year.
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Additionally, you may run in to these ...
Old 11-14-2012, 09:18 PM   #4
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Default Additionally, you may run in to these ...

The old kanji for numbers are still used today, especially when writing rank diplomas (2nd Rank, 3rd Rank) or checks/cheques. For instance, the number (2) cannot be falsified; whereas (2) can be falsified to "3" with the addition of a single stroke: plus equals

For example, someone who has received a 2nd rank in kendo (kendo ni-dan) could -- if he has no scruples, change it to a 3rd rank IF the standard numerals were used:

剣道 [kendo 2nd rank] can be falsified to
剣道 [kendo, 3rd rank] with one expert stroke.

But when the old kanji are used, this forgery is impossible:
剣道 [kendo 2nd rank] could not be manipulated to
剣道 [kendo 3rd rank]

In certificates, the number 1 is never used, always [sho/initial] step:
剣道 初段 [kendo shodan]


1
.
2 二 .
3 三 . 参
4 四 . 肆 [no longer used]
5 五 . [no longer used]
6 六 . 陸 [no longer used]
7 七 . 柒 or 漆 [no longer used]
8 八 . 捌 [no longer used]
9 九 . 玖 [no longer used]
10 十 .

Regards,
--Guy Power
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Old 01-24-2013, 05:48 PM   #5
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Some of the dates we most often encounter in this hobby...
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Old 05-28-2014, 01:33 PM   #6
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Zodiac Chart
Sample:

Taiwan/Western/Japanese/China/Zodiac
民國 西元 日本年號 中國年號 歲次
民前38 1874 明治7 同治13 甲戌
民前37 1875 明治8 光緒元 乙亥
民前36 1876 明治9 光緒2 丙子
民前35 1877 明治10 光緒3 丁丑
民前34 1878 明治11 光緒4 戊寅
民前33 1879 明治12 光緒5 己卯
民前32 1880 明治13 光緒6 庚辰
民前31 1881 明治14 光緒7 辛巳
民前30 1882 明治15 光緒8 壬午
民前29 1883 明治16 光緒9 癸未
民前28 1884 明治17 光緒10 甲申
民前27 1885 明治18 光緒11 乙酉
民前26 1886 明治19 光緒12 丙戌
民前25 1887 明治20 光緒13 丁亥
民前24 1888 明治21 光緒14 戊子
民前23 1889 明治22 光緒15 己丑
民前22 1890 明治23 光緒16 庚寅
民前21 1891 明治24 光緒17 辛卯
民前20 1892 明治25 光緒18 壬辰
民前19 1893 明治26 光緒19 癸巳
民前18 1894 明治27 光緒20 甲午
民前17 1895 明治28 光緒21 乙未
民前16 1896 明治29 光緒22 丙申
民前15 1897 明治30 光緒23 丁酉
民前14 1898 明治31 光緒24 戊戌
民前13 1899 明治32 光緒25 己亥
民前12 1900 明治33 光緒26 庚子
民前11 1901 明治34 光緒27 辛丑
民前10 1902 明治35 光緒28 壬寅
民前09 1903 明治36 光緒29 癸卯
民前08 1904 明治37 光緒30 甲辰
民前07 1905 明治38 光緒31 乙巳
民前06 1906 明治39 光緒32 丙午
民前05 1907 明治40 光緒33 丁未
民前04 1908 明治41 光緒34 戊申
民前03 1909 明治42 宣統元 己酉
民前02 1910 明治43 宣統2 庚戌
民前01 1911 明治44 宣統3 辛亥

Last edited by GHP; 05-28-2014 at 01:48 PM.
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Reading Japanese Data Plates [involves numbers and dates]
Old 06-11-2014, 10:45 PM   #7
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Default Reading Japanese Data Plates [involves numbers and dates]

Valuable charts from gunsight.com

Reading Japanese Data Plates

Japanese English Japanese English
Zero
Rei
0 / Gou Mark or Type
0 Shiki Type
Ichi 1 Gata Model
Ni 2 Kai Modification
San 3 Ko 1st class/Grade"A"
Yon 4 Ostu 2nd class/Grade"B"
Go 5 Hei 3rd class/Grade"C"
Roku 6 Kasyo Tentative name
Nana 7 Kuugisyo Aviation technology institute
Hachi 8 Shi Prototype
Kyuu 9


Jyuu 10




Japanese English Japanese English
mm Milliliter Meter g Gram
cm Centimeter kg Kilogram
m Meter t Ton
km Kilometer Kt Knot
l/L Liter nm N-Mile
m2 Square meter




Japanese English
Magnetic Compass
Artificial Horizon
Directional Gyro
Air Speed Indicator
Altimeter
Tachometer
Rate of Climb Indicator
Turn And Bank Indicator
Fuel Quantity Gauges
Cylinder Head Temperature Gauge
Inclinometer
Oil Temperature Gauge
Oil Pressure Guage


Japanese English Japanese English
Exhaust Temperature Gauge Pressure Guage
Outside Air Temperature Gauge Manifold Pressure Gauge
Coolant Tempature Gauge Fuel Oil Pressure Gauge
Carburetor Air Temperature Gauge Oil Pressure Guage
Oxygen Flow Guage Route Guage
Oxygen Adjustment Device Alignment Indicator
Angle Instructions Device Exhaust Gas Guage
Position Instructions Device Load Gauge
Clock Autopilot



Sample
Japanese English
Turn And Bank Indicator model 2 Improvement 1
Senkaikei ni gata kai ichi
Type 92 Magnetic Compass Model 2
kyuu ni shiki koukuurasingi ni gata
Type 1 Air Speed Indicator Model 3
ichi go sokuryokukei san gata


Name of an era list

96 97 98 99 0 1 2 3 4 5
Kouki 2596 2597 2598 2599 2600 2601 2602 2603 2604 2605
Showa 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
A.D. 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
The meaning of "Kouki" is The Imperial reign.
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